Dr Shamenaz, Associate Professor & Head, Dept. of Applied Sciences & Humanities, Allahabad Institute of Engineering & Technology, Allahabad
Our is an age of globalization and in this global world we are more inter-connected with each
around the world than before. Although, we are more inter-connected with each but the world is
broken into many fragments and the society is based on many evil prejudices like- genderdiscrimination,
caste, color distinction, fundamentalism and East-West conflict. And this
distinction is rapidly increasing day-by-day, which is resulting in tensions, conflict and wars
around the world.
So, we are living in an age of conflict, nuclear wars and explosion, where at every now and
then some mis-happening is taking place around the world. Today we are living in a constant
threat that at any moment anything can happen and the world will come to its end. It is a world
full of ethnic, racist, regional and border violence. People are running after money and they don’t
have time for religion, spirituality and relationships. The outcome is that moral and human
values are degrading from the society. So there is a need to inculcate human values among
people. And this should be taught from the basic level i.e. home and schools. Not only in Schools
but it should be taught in the Colleges also whether it is Arts, Science, Commerce, Law,
Technical, Management, Journalism or any other College. So for this purpose now all the
Engineering and Management Colleges have incorporated subject like- Human Values and
Professional Ethics in their curriculum.
Human Values or Value Education deals with what is universally valuable to all of us,
what is conducive to our individuals as well as collective happiness and prosperity in a
sustainable way. It will enable us to maintain peace and harmony within our ownself and to
maintain a universal brotherhoodness. Not only this, it will also help to make us a successful
professional. So it is very relevant for the present generation to be taught- human values, so that
they may be able to be a good human being. As we see in the present generation there is a
degradation of mannerism. Now, the students, especially of the Technical Colleges are becoming
more and more free, liberal, independent and modern. They have their own thinking and
ideologies regarding different aspects of life. The philosophy of existentialism is rapidly
increasing in the nature and attitude of today’s youth including students. Now they want to have
their own individual freedom, choice and existence. So in the attainment of all this they are even
going away from the path of moral values. They are also attaining many evil practices like- cyber
crimes, consumerism; instill trust worthiness and many other things. Now the present generation
does not want to respect their elders including their teachers and are becoming more and more
professional day-by-day. So there is a need to give the Technical students such education which
can make them a good human being. As Swami Vivekananda has said:
Education is not the amount of information that is put into your
brain & runs riots there, undigested all your life, we must have
life-building, man making & character making assimilation of ideas.
By this Swami Vivekananda means that the motif of attaining education whether it is technical,
professional or any other, should not only be for monetary gain but we should receive such
education which would help us to make us a person of moral and human values. A person, who
is dignified in a true sense, who is a path-maker and a trailblazer and not just a commercial and
professional being. The famous philosopher Socrates had viewed, “Not life, but good life is to be
chiefly valued.” By this he means that, we should not just live but live a life based on values.
According to C. S. Lewis, the famous writer and critic:
Education without values, as useful as it is seems rather to make
man a more clever devil.
Hence education should be based on values, morality and ethics so that any individual acquiring
it may lead a meaningful life. So that technical students who are deprived of all these values can
India is a multi-religious, multi-cultural and ancient country, a country which has shown the
world the path of truth, non-violence and brotherhoodness. So there is need for youth to develop
qualities like- truth, non-violence, tolerance, secularism and universal brotherhoodness. And
there should be elimination of religious fanaticism, violence, superstition, fatalism and genderdiscrimination.
So that a society will be formed that rests on the principle of universal and
eternal values. This is necessary for a culturally plural society like India and it will lead to the
unity and integrity of its people. So for this purpose education of Human Values or value
Education is necessary. As it has been said in the Vedas, “Vasudhev Kutumbkam,” which means
that entire universe is my family.
Value Education is the understanding of fundamental values. This education consists of
proper education of the core human values which enables one to have a broad view of life and its
significance, which is necessary for this cut-throat competitive world. As now there is a dearth of
moral values in man because he is becoming materialistic and selfish day-by-day. Adam Smith,
the Scottish philosopher and economist believed that:
How selfish so ever man may be supposed, there are evidently
some principles in his nature which interest him in the fortune
of others and render their happiness necessary to him, though he
derives nothing from it except the pleasure of seeing it. Of this
kind is pity or compassion, the emotion which we feel for the
misery of others when we feel for the misery of others when we
either see it or are made to conceive it in a very lively matter…
By the imagination we place ourselves in this situation. We enter,
as it were into his body and become in some measures the same
person with him.
The aim of Value Education or Human Values is to inculcate some important values in life likelove,
understanding, respect, discipline and honesty. All these values are decreasing in the
society day-by-day. In this globally changing world, now people don’t have time for their family,
friends and relationships resulting in the loss of feeling of love in the society. If there is love in
any relationship than it will lead to the establishment of peace and harmony in the society. It is
love through which compassion can be accumulated. And if the people are led by compassion,
than they will see the best in others and the others will see the best in them. With the attainment
of this there will be faith in the world and it will lead to the decline of many evils in the society
and we can make this world free from many kinds of evil prejudices.
Bhagvata Gita, the religious text of the Hindus, which is being respected all over the world,
says about education that:
“Vidhya dadati vinayam vinyati yati patram,
Patratvad dhanmapnoti dhanad dharma tato”
So, education is that process which teaches you to live a meaningful life based on the principle of
truth, justice and equality. And this can only be achieved by inculcating an educational system
which has its influence from different religions existing in this world.
It is also true that by the help of quality educational system and its most brilliant
components, many contemporary problems faced by our country and this world can be solved.
Right from the days of Veda the concept of education has been the most favourite topic of
discussion; the Vedic Rishis. The Upanishadic seers and so many thinkers of different school of
philosophy of ancient and present times have contributed a lot to the development of this
concept. During the pre-independent era and the post independence, there have been many
thinkers, philosophers and educationist like- Swami Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindu, Mahatma
Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore, Sir Sayyed Ahmed Khan, Dr Radhakrishnan and Maulana Abul
Kalam Azad etc, who have contributed a lot and have given their own views on many problems
existing in the society and tried to solve it.
It is unfortunately that the present system of education which we have inherited by
Macauley, makes us just gentlemen and ladies only and does not impart us moral and spiritual
education. In this context Swami Vivekanand has said, “we want man making education,
character making education, character reforming education, inspiring us to become human first
and then Divine.” It is to be noted that the present generation is becoming bad to worse because
of this attitude by following the westerners blindly.
It is not so that we should not follow the west or we should be against the modern science,
technological advancement and progressive outlook but we should also not forget the custom,
tradition and culture of our country. Rather what we should do is a synthesis between the Indian
spiritualism and western scientific attitude. So there is a need to supplement technical education
with value education as it will enable a human being to decide and pursue what is really
‘valuable’ i.e. conducive to human happiness, human welfare, what is ‘value’ to him.
Value Education deals with what is universally valuable to all of us, what is conducive to
our individual and collective happiness and prosperity in a sustainable way. It enables us to be in
harmony within ourselves, with other human beings and with rest of nature at large. Such an
understanding will be vital for the successful conduct of our profession as well and it will lead to
1. Soryan, Ritu. Human Values & Professsional Ethics. New Delhi: Dhanpat Rai & Co.
2. Gaur, R. R., Sangal, R, Bagaria, G. P. A Foundation Course in Human Values and
Professional Ethics. New Delhi: Excel Books. 2010.
3. Adam Smith (1723-1790), Scottish philosopher and economist. Opening sentences of:
The Theory of Moral Sentiments.
4. Swami Ramakrishna’s teaching of Dharma to Swami Vivekananda